Garcinia gummi-gutta (L.) N.Robson

 
  • Family : CLUSIACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Clusiaceae
  • Species : Garcinia gummi-gutta
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Garcinia gummi-gutta (L.) Roxb.
  • Common name : Malabar Gamboge
  • Vernacular name : Vrukshamlah (San.); Bilatti-amli (Hin.); Punarpuli, Upaagi mara (Kan.)
  • Collection Nos : CJS 11600, CJS 11828, CJS 13177
  • Endemism : Peninsular India
  • Key identification features : A medium-sized evergreen tree. Leaves are simple, elliptic-oblong, upto 12 cm long, 5cm broad. Flowers are unisexual, staminate flowers 15-20-fascicled on new and old branches, tetramerous, stamens in globular mass, slightly raised above the receptacle. ovary 6-12 locular, grooved, fruit a berry, elliptic- oblong to 5 cm in diameter with 6-8 grroves. Comment: The fruits are edible, some times used as a condiment for flavouring curries in place of tamarind.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Native : India
  • Conservation Status : Near Threatened (NT)
  • Distribution Locality : Chikamagalur, Dakshina Kannada, Hassan, Shimoga, Udupi, Uttara Kannada
  • Floras referred : Saldanha, 1984; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi

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Digital Flora of Karnataka by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in.