Cassia fistula L.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Species : Cassia fistula
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Cassia fistula L.
  • Common name : Indian Laburnum, Golden Shower, Purging fistula
  • Vernacular name : Aragwadha (San.); Sonhali, Amalthus (Hin.); Kakke mara, Konde mara (Kan.)
  • Collection Nos : KFP 481, KFP 11050
  • Collector(s) Name : S.B.Manohar & B.Gurudev Singh
  • Key identification features : A medium-sized ornamental tree with small spreading canopy. Bark is copper brown in colour, more or less smooth, crusty when old and exfoliating. Leaves are pinnately compound with large leaflets. Flowers are about 3 cm across, bright yellow in arrestingly beautiful drooping sprays. Fruit is a long, indehiscent, cylindrical pod with numerous seeds.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Native : India, China, South-east Asia
  • Comments : Common in deciduous to semi-evergreen forests. Also, planted in gardens. The fruit pulp is a strong purgative.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Collection Locality : M.M.Hills (Chamarajnagar)
  • Distribution Locality : Bagalkot, Bangalore, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chamrajnagar, Chikamagalur, Chikkaballapur, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Davanagere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulbarga, Hassan, Haveri, Kodagu, Kolar, Koppal, Mandya, Mysore, Raichur, Ramanagara, Shimoga, Tumkur, Udupi, Uttara Kannada, Yadgir
  • Floras referred : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Bangalore; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere

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Digital Flora of Karnataka by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in.