Tamarindus indica L.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
  • Subfamily : Caesalpinioideae
  • Species : Tamarindus indica
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Tamarindus indica L.
  • Common name : Tamarind Tree
  • Vernacular name : Amlika, Tintrini (San.); Imli, Amli (Hin.); Hunase mara (Kan.)
  • Collection Nos : CJS 8981, CJS 13513
  • Key identification features : A medium to large size, long-lived deciduous tree with dense characteristic canopy. Leaves are pinnately compound with small leaflets. Flowers are small (up to 2 cm.) many, on a long inflorescence, pale-green and pink in colour with 3 unequal-sized petals. Fruit is a bean-like pod, fleshy, green at first, ripening to cinnamon-brown. Bark is dark grey and is closely fissured.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Native : Tropical Africa
  • Comments : Cultivated extensively for its pods.Acidic fruit pulp is udedas a condiment. Seeds are roasted and eaten. The hard-wood is used for construction and domestic purposes.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Bagalkot, Bangalore, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chamrajnagar, Chikamagalur, Chikkaballapur, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Davanagere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulbarga, Hassan, Haveri, Kodagu, Kolar, Koppal, Mandya, Mysore, Raichur, Ramanagara, Shimoga, Tumkur, Udupi, Uttara Kannada, Yadgir
  • Floras referred : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Saldanha, 1984; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Bangalore; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara

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Digital Flora of Karnataka by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in.