Acacia catechu (Roxb.) Willd.

 
  • Family : FABACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
  • Subfamily : Mimosoideae
  • Species : Acacia catechu
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Acacia catechu (Roxb.) Willd.
  • Common name : Black Cutch
  • Vernacular name : Khadira (San.); Khair, Khaira (Hin.); Kachhu, Kaggali (Kan.)
  • Key identification features : A moderate-sized deciduous tree. Leaves are compound with many leaflets and spines on either side of the leaf base and with a gland on the petiole. Flowers are small, white or pale yellow and are densely arranged on an elongated inflorescence axis. The pod is many-seeded and indehiscent. Bark is white or ash-coloured that peels off in papery flakes.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Native : India
  • Comments : The dark cutch or 'kathha', a strong astringent obtained from heartwood is a rusty substance used with betel leaves; the 'cutch' is of commercial importance. Wood is a good source of fuel and as timber.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Bangalore, Chitradurga, Gulbarga, Kodagu, Mysore, Uttara Kannada
  • Floras referred : Saldanha, 1984; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Bangalore; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg

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Digital Flora of Karnataka by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in.