Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taubert

  • Family : FABACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Species : Butea monosperma
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.
  • Common name : Flame of the Forest
  • Vernacular name : Palasha (San.); Dhak, Palasa (Hin.); Palasha, Mutthugada mara (Kan.)
  • Collection Nos : KFP 5441, KFP 6109, HFP 1341, CJS 13227
  • Collector(s) Name : C.J.Saldanha; T.P.Ramamoorthy
  • Key identification features : A moderate-sized native tree which is highly ornamental when in bloom. Bark grey-brown, flaky. Leaves are pinnately 3-foliate with large leaflets. The flowers are bright-red or orange-red in colour and 3-3.5 cm long. Pod is a broad, oblong follicle.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Native : India
  • Comments : Host tree most used to rear lac insects, producing shellac. Leaves are used as a dinner plate. Sometimes also cultivated in parks.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Collection Locality : Byaba State Forest (Hassan); Byaba State Forest (Hassan)
  • Distribution Locality : Bagalkot, Bangalore, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chamrajnagar, Chikamagalur, Chikkaballapur, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Davanagere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulbarga, Hassan, Haveri, Kodagu, Kolar, Koppal, Mandya, Mysore, Raichur, Ramanagara, Shimoga, Tumkur, Udupi, Uttara Kannada, Yadgir
  • Floras referred : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Saldanha, 1984; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Bangalore; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara


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Digital Flora of Karnataka by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in.