Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.

  • Family : FABACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Fabaceae (Leguminosae)
  • Subfamily : Faboideae
  • Species : Pterocarpus marsupium
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb.
  • Common name : Indian Kino Tree, Malabara Kino Tree
  • Vernacular name : Asana, Bijaka (San.); Bijsaal, Vijaysaar (Hin.); Raktha honne mara, Benga mara, Volle honne (Kan.)
  • Collection Nos : KFP 3316, KFP 7674, KFP 8662
  • Key identification features : A large deciduous native tree with often straight trunk. Leaves are alternate, pinnately compound with leathery and entire leaflets. Flowers are 1.5-2 cm long, in terminal, highly branched inflorescence. Fruit is winged, one-seeded indehiscent pod. Bark is grey, cracky and exudes blood-red resin when cut.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Native : India
  • Comments : Occasionally planted in social forestry programs. Yields a valuable timber used in building, furniture etc. Gives a red gum-resin called 'Kino', used in medicine.
  • Conservation Status : Vulnerable (VU)
  • Distribution Locality : Belgaum, Bellary, Chikamagalur, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Davanagere, Dharwad, Hassan, Kodagu, Mysore, Tumkur, Udupi, Uttara Kannada
  • Floras referred : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Saldanha, 1984; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara


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