Hydnocarpus pentandrus (Buch.-Ham.) Oken

  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Salicaceae
  • Species : Hydnocarpus pentandrus
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Hydnocarpus pentandrus (Buch.-Ham.) Oken
  • Vernacular name : Turavaka (San.); Toratti, Chalmogra yenne mara, Mirolhakai (Kan.)
  • Endemism : Western Ghats
  • Key identification features : Trees, up to 26m tall, girth up to 3m. Leaves simple, alternate, serrate, elliptic-oblong, 8-20 x 4-8 cm, apex acuminate, base slightly oblique, petiole 0.7- 2.2 cm, swollen at both ends, secondary nerves 5-7 pairs. Flowers unisexual, monoecius, male in axillary cymes, female solitary. Fruit woody, spherical, up to 8 cm across, brown powdery tomentose. Can be distinguished by its slightly oblique base and petiole which is swollen at both ends.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Native : India
  • Comments : Common in evergreen, semi-evergreen and occasionally in moist-deciduous forest along streams, Goa to Kanyakumari. Elevation 40- 900 m. EOO/AOO- 41286/15859 sq km.
  • Conservation Status : Least Concern (LC)
  • Distribution Locality : Chikamagalur, Dakshina Kannada, Davanagere, Udupi, Uttara Kannada
  • Floras referred : Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere


Field Images


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Karnataka by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in.