Ocimum americanum L.

  • Family : LAMIACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Lamiaceae
  • Species : Ocimum americanum
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ocimum americanum L.
  • Common name : Lemon Basil
  • Vernacular name : Vanabarbrika (San.); Vantulsi (Hin.); NaayiTulasi (Kan.)
  • Collection Nos : CJS 10756, CJS 11976, Cramer 4677
  • Key identification features : An erect, much branched strongly aromatic undershrub. Leaves are elliptic-oblong, ovate-lanceolate, glabrous or nearly so, margin entire or shallowly serrate, lateral nerves of 4-5 pairs, impressed beneath. Thyrsus of about 15-20 cm long. Thyrses to about 15 cm long and branched. Flowers white with pedicels. Calyx is pubescent 1 4 arrangement. Upper lip is suborbicular, reticulately veined, ciliate. Central tooth of the lower lip longer than the lateral. Corolla is white and hairy without. Fruit is a nutlet, ellipsoid, balck. Calyx not enlarged in fruit.
  • Habit : Herb
  • Native : India, Tropical Africa
  • Comments : A common weed in wastelands
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Bagalkot, Bangalore, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chamrajnagar, Chikamagalur, Chikkaballapur, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Davanagere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulbarga, Hassan, Haveri, Kodagu, Kolar, Koppal, Mandya, Mysore, Raichur, Ramanagara, Shimoga, Tumkur, Udupi, Uttara Kannada, Yadgir
  • Floras referred : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara


Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Images


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Karnataka by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in.