Strychnos nux-vomica L.

  • Family : LOGANIACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Loganiaceae
  • Species : Strychnos nux-vomica
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Strychnos nux-vomica L.
  • Common name : Poison nut Tree, Quaker Button, Nux-vomica Tree, Snakewood Tree
  • Vernacular name : Karaskara (San.); Kuchala, Kajara (Hin.); Kasarkana mara, Kaasarka (Kan.)
  • Collection Nos : KFP 7047, R.R.Rao 1400
  • Key identification features : A medium-sized evergreen or deciduous tree, with thin, smooth, yellowish-grey bark, often covered with tubercles. Leaves are coriaceous, elliptic, ovate, orbicular, base is rounded, 5-nerved, transverse nerves are irregular, inconspicous. Flowers are greenish-white, fragrant and in terminal compound cymes. Fruit is globose, thick shelled, slightly rough, but shining ovoid. Seeds are numerous, discoid, much compressed, ashy-grey with silky hairs.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Comments : Seeds yeild strychnine of commercial importance.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Bangalore, Belgaum, Bijapur, Chikamagalur, Dakshina Kannada, Kodagu, Mysore, Shimoga, Tumkur, Udupi, Uttara Kannada, Udupi
  • Floras referred : Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara


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