Azadirachta indica A.Juss.

  • Family : MELIACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Meliaceae
  • Species : Azadirachta indica
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Azadirachta indica A.Juss.
  • Common name : Neem Tree
  • Vernacular name : Nimba (San.); Neem (Hin.); Bevu mara, Bevina mara (Kan.)
  • Collection Nos : CJS 16628, KFP 7865
  • Collector(s) Name : C.J.Saldanha
  • Key identification features : A large evergreen tree with a spreading crown, either planted or self-sown. Leaves are compound and the leaflets are somewhat oblique with toothed margin. Flowers are small (0.5 cm.), white and borne on drooping branched inflorescence. Fruit is about 1.5 cm. long, single-seeded and green, yellowish when ripe. Seed is enclosed in a hard shell, outer pulp and skin. Bark brown and longitudinally fissured.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Native : India
  • Comments : Sacred Tree
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Collection Locality : Tumkur district
  • Distribution Locality : Bagalkot, Bangalore, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chamrajnagar, Chikamagalur, Chikkaballapur, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Davanagere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulbarga, Hassan, Haveri, Kodagu, Kolar, Koppal, Mandya, Mysore, Raichur, Ramanagara, Shimoga, Tumkur, Udupi, Uttara Kannada, Yadgir
  • Floras referred : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Saldanha, 1996; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Bangalore; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere


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