Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.

  • Family : MORACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Moraceae
  • Species : Artocarpus heterophyllus
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.
  • Common name : Jack Fruit Tree
  • Vernacular name : Panasah (San.); Kathal (Hin.); Halasu, Halsande (Kan.)
  • Collection Nos : CJS 15762, CJS 16918
  • Collector(s) Name : C.J.Saldanha
  • Key identification features : A large evergreen tree with milky latex. Bark is smooth, dark, and exfoliating.The leaves are simple and bear two large stipules. Flowers are unisexual in separate inflorescences. The entire female inflorescence together with parts of individual flowers forms a large multiple fruit. Sepals and petals become fleshy and juicy to form the edible part of the fruit.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Native : Southern Tropical Asia
  • Comments : Often planted in gardens and near human habitations. Timber is much used for furniture and house-building purposes. An example of the largest edible fruit in the world. Seeds are roasted and eaten.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Collection Locality : Yettinahalla, Shiradi Ghat (Hassan)
  • Distribution Locality : Bagalkot, Bangalore, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chamrajnagar, Chikamagalur, Chikkaballapur, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Davanagere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulbarga, Hassan, Haveri, Kodagu, Kolar, Koppal, Mandya, Mysore, Raichur, Ramanagara, Shimoga, Tumkur, Udupi, Uttara Kannada, Yadgir
  • Floras referred : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Saldanha, 1984; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Bangalore; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara


Herbarium Specimen(s)

Field Images


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Karnataka by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at