Ficus religiosa L.

  • Family : MORACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Moraceae
  • Species : Ficus religiosa
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ficus religiosa L.
  • Common name : Peepal Tree, Sacred Fig
  • Vernacular name : Ashwatha, Pipalah, Ashvattah (San.); Ppipal, Pipli, Pipar (Hin.); Ashwathamara, Arali mara (Kan.)
  • Collection Nos : KFP 7282, HFP 2801
  • Key identification features : A large deciduous tree. The characteristic heart-shaped leaves are long-petioled with the apex drawn into a tail-like structure. Figs are globose, small and purplish when ripe. Bark yellowish or grey-brown, smooth becoming scaly with age.The glossy long-tipped leaves hanging down from extended petioles are distinctive and clatter noisely in the slightest breeze.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Native : India, Burma
  • Comments : A sacred Tree. Widely cultivated and planted in and around places of worship, avenues and gardens. Bark, leaves and seeds have medicinal properties and are used in local medicine
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Bagalkot, Bangalore, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chamrajnagar, Chikamagalur, Chikkaballapur, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Davanagere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulbarga, Hassan, Haveri, Kodagu, Kolar, Koppal, Mandya, Mysore, Raichur, Ramanagara, Shimoga, Tumkur, Udupi, Uttara Kannada, Yadgir
  • Floras referred : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Saldanha, 1984; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara


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