Annona reticulata L.

  • Family : ANNONACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Annonaceae
  • Species : Annona reticulata
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Annona reticulata L.
  • Common name : Bullock's Heart
  • Vernacular name : Ramphal (Hin.); Ramaphala (Kan.)
  • Collection Nos : KFP 11387, R.R.Rao 530
  • Collector(s) Name : C.J.Saldanha
  • Key identification features : A medium size tree that is often cultivated, but generally grows wild and yields edible fruits. The leaves are shiny and dark-green. The branches are dark-brown. Flowers are unimpressive, both sepals and petals being sepal-like. The fruit, looking like Bullock's heart, is 3-4 inches in dia. and reddish-brown when ripe. It is similar to custard apple in that the several ovaries of the flower become united with each other and with the floral axis or the receptacle forming a fleshy mass in which seeds are embedded. The fruit pulp, however, is not so sweet or tasty as that of custard apple. Bark is greyish with vertical irregular superficial fissures.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Native : Neotropics
  • Comments : One West Indian common name of this fruit, custard-apple, is applied in India to A. squamosa
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Collection Locality : Museum road, Bangalore
  • Distribution Locality : Bagalkot, Bangalore, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chamrajnagar, Chikamagalur, Chikkaballapur, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Davanagere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulbarga, Hassan, Haveri, Kodagu, Kolar, Koppal, Mandya, Mysore, Raichur, Ramanagara, Shimoga, Tumkur, Udupi, Uttara Kannada, Yadgir
  • Floras referred : Saldanha, 1984; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi


Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Images


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Karnataka by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at