Annona squamosa L.

  • Family : ANNONACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Annonaceae
  • Species : Annona squamosa
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Annona squamosa L.
  • Common name : Custard Apple
  • Vernacular name : Shubha (San.); Sithaphal (Hin.); Sithaphala (Kan.)
  • Collection Nos : KFP 11640, KFP 8674
  • Collector(s) Name : Belligere (Mandya)
  • Key identification features : A small tree that occurs wild and also cultivated for its edible fruit. Leaves are simple, oblong with several lateral veins. Flowers are yellowish-green, several in leaf-opposed cymes. Petals and sepals are sepaloid and fleshy. Stamens are many with hooded anthers. Fruits are green, globose with well-marked areoles. The pulp is sweet in the ripe fruit. Seeds are many, brownish-black and hard. Bark is greyish, not very rough.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Native : West Indies, Tropical America
  • Comments : It was brought to South India by the Portuguese in the 16th centuary. Cultivated throughout.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Bagalkot, Bangalore, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chamrajnagar, Chikamagalur, Chikkaballapur, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Davanagere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulbarga, Hassan, Haveri, Kodagu, Kolar, Koppal, Mandya, Mysore, Raichur, Ramanagara, Shimoga, Tumkur, Udupi, Uttara Kannada, Yadgir
  • Floras referred : Saldanha, 1984; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Bangalore; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara


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