Cyathea nilgerense Holttum

  • Family (Christenhusz et al, 2011) : CYATHEACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Cyatheaceae
  • Species : Cyathea nilgerense
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Cyathea nilgirensis Holttum
  • Collection Nos : HFP 1065, HFP 1375-A
  • Collector(s) Name : F. M. Jarrett & T. P. Ramamoorthy; T. P. Ramamoorthy
  • Endemism : South India
  • Key identification features : The trunk is about 2 m high, bearing crown of fronds at the apex; scales densely covering the younger fronds. Stipes swollen at base, bearing very small, pale brown, appressed hairs throughout. Lamina bipinnate, oblong-lanceolate, petiolate, about 15 cm apart, oblong-lanceolate, acuminate, base truncate; basal few pairs slightly reduced; pinnules acuminate, margin pinnatifid to the costa; ultimate lobes about 15 pairs, alternate, oblong; Pinnae pale green below, dark green above; texture herbaceous; appressed scales distributed on lower surface of the costa throughout. Sori seated at the vein forks of the lower half of segments, exindusiate, paraphyses intermingled with sporangia; spores trilete.
  • Habit : Tree fern
  • Native : India
  • Comments : Common tree fern in the forests of Western Ghats.
  • Conservation Status : Near Threatened (NT) (Jenkins, 2008)
  • Collection Locality : Hassan
  • Distribution Locality : Chikamagalur; Hassan; Kodagu; Uttara Kannada
  • Floras referred : Fraser-Jenkins, Taxonomic revision of Indian Subcontinental Pteridophytes 2008; Rajagopal & Bhat, Pteridophytic flora of Karnataka State- 1998; Manickam V.S & Irudayaraj V. (1992)- Pteridophyte flora of W.Ghats, South India


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