Holarrhena antidysenterica (Roth) A.DC.

 
  • Family : APOCYNACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Apocynaceae
  • Species : Holarrhena antidysenterica
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Holarrhena pubescens Wall. ex G.Don
  • Common name : Easter Tree
  • Vernacular name : Kudaja (San.); Kodasiga gida (Kan.)
  • Collection Nos : CJS 11758, CJS 13273, CJS 14090, CS 1952
  • Key identification features : A small deciduous tree with milky latex. Leaves are simple, ovate-elliptic, up to 25 cm long, pubescent or glabrous. Flowers in branched cymes; sepals bear small basal gland within, corolla is salver-shaped and the free lobes of the petals overlapping to the left. Fruit is a pair of divergent follicles, up to 40 cm long. Seeds are comose.
  • Habit : Shrub
  • Native : Indo-Malayan
  • Comments : Plant is rich in alkaloids, a preparation from the bark is effective againest dysentery. (Saldanha 1984).
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Bagalkot, Bangalore, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chamrajnagar, Chikamagalur, Chikkaballapur, Chitradurga, Dakshina Kannada, Davanagere, Dharwad, Gadag, Gulbarga, Hassan, Haveri, Kodagu, Kolar, Koppal, Mandya, Mysore, Raichur, Ramanagara, Shimoga, Tumkur, Udupi, Uttara Kannada, Yadgir
  • Floras referred : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Bangalore; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Manjunath et al., 2003 - Davanagere

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Digital Flora of Karnataka by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in.