Mimusops elengi L.

  • Family : SAPOTACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Sapotaceae
  • Species : Mimusops elengi
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Mimusops elengi L.
  • Common name : Indian Medlar, Bullet wood Tree
  • Vernacular name : Bakula (San.); Bakul (Hin.); Renje mara, Pagadi mara, Baaglu mara, Renje mara (Kan.)
  • Collection Nos : KFP 4888, KFP 10309
  • Key identification features : A handsome evergreen tree with milky latex and tender vegetative parts covered with brown hairs. Leaves are simple, alternate, glossy-green with wavy margins. The fascicled flowers are small (1.5 cm), white and sweet-scented. Petals are many. Corollary corona with several ray-like lobes that makes the flower look very attractive. Fruit is a berry, green at first, turning red-yellow when ripe. Bark is dark grey, faintly fissured.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Native : India
  • Comments : Flowers are fragrant both in fresh and dry conditions. The species shows variation with respect to the structure of the flower. The ovoid berries are edible.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Distribution Locality : Bangalore, Chikamagalur, Dakshina Kannada, Gulbarga, Hassan, Kodagu, Mysore, Shimoga, Udupi, Uttara Kannada, Dakshina Kannada
  • Floras referred : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Ramaswamy & Razi, 1973 - Bangalore; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi


Herbarium Specimen(s)

Line Drawings

Field Images


All fields are required

Creative Commons License
Digital Flora of Karnataka by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in.