Ailanthus triphysa (Dennst.) Alston

 
  • Family : SIMAROUBACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Simaroubaceae
  • Species : Ailanthus triphysa
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Ailanthus triphysa (Dennst.)Alston
  • Common name : White Palle
  • Vernacular name : Gugguldhupa (Kan.); Gugguladhupa (San.); Dhup (Hin.)
  • Collection Nos : KFP 11336, KFP 12598
  • Collector(s) Name : C.J.Saldanha & B.Gurudev Singh; C.J.Saldanha, B.Gurudev Singh & B.Ajay Kumar
  • Key identification features : A single-stemmed tree. Bole is cylindrical, attaining a height of 30 m and dia. of 1.2 m. Branchlets are covered with many leaf scars. Young stems are pubescent. Leaves are pinnate, large, 45-60 cm long and crowded at branch ends; leaflets are about 5-10 pairs, ovate-oblong, sickle-shaped, 7.5-15 and 2.5-5 cm, thin, shiny, glabrous and glaucous beneath, very oblique at the base. Flowers are greenish-white, polygamous, in lax axillary panicles. Calyx lobes are minute, pubescent, triangular and acute. Petals are about 0.4 cm long, glabrous and oblong-lanceolate. Fruit is a samara, 5-7.5 cm long, reddish-brown, flat and membranous. Seed is compressed and circular. Bark grey, rough, thick with resin grains.
  • Habit : Tree
  • Native : India, Sri Lanka, Southeast Asia, Australia
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Collection Locality : Hulekal-Agumbe (Shimoga); Peeramogaru (Dakshina Kannada)
  • Distribution Locality : Dakshina Kannada, Mysore, Shimoga, Uttara Kannada
  • Floras referred : Saldanha, 1996; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi

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Digital Flora of Karnataka by Herbarium JCB is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in.