Caryota urens L.

  • Family : ARECACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Arecaceae
  • Species : Caryota urens
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Caryota urens L.
  • Common name : Fish-Tail Palm, Solitary Toddy Palm
  • Vernacular name : Baine-mara (Kan.)
  • Collection Nos : CJS 12526, CJS 14428, RR RAO 1544
  • Collector(s) Name : C.J.Saldanha; R.Raghavendra Rao
  • Key identification features : A monoecious palm with pinnately compound leaves. Inflorescence arises between leaves and is pendulous. Flowers are inconspicuous and the male flowers bear many stamens. Fruit is a drupe.
  • Habit : Palm
  • Native : Sri Lanka, India
  • Comments : The only genus among palms to have bipinnately compound leaves; wood is used for making agricultural implements. Leaves yield a strong fibre known as 'Kittul Fibre', inner Stem yields starchy substrate used as food. Also, used as staple food for Temple Elephants. Cut spadix inflorescence yields toddy, which on boiling Jaggery is obtained
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Collection Locality : Sakleshpur-Hettur road (Hassan); Paschivahini (Mysore)
  • Distribution Locality : Cultivated
  • Floras referred : Saldanha & Nicolson, 1976 - Hassan; Gowda, 2004 - Sringeri; Seetharam et al., 2000 - Gulbarga; Rao & Razi, 1981 - Mysore; Keshava Murthy & Yoganarasimhan, 1990 - Coorg; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2003 - Udupi; Gopalakrishna Bhat, 2014 - Flora of South Kanara


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