Hemionitis arifolia (Burm. f.) T. Moore

 
  • Family (Christenhusz et al, 2011) : PTERIDACEAE
  • Family (As per The Plant List) : Pteridaceae
  • Species : Hemionitis arifolia
  • Synonym : Parahemionitis cordata (Hook. & Grev.) Fraser-Jenk.; Hemionitis cordata Hook. & Grev.
  • Basionym : Asplenium arifolium Burm. f.
  • Species Name (as per The Plant List) : Hemionitis arifolia (Burm. f.) T. Moore
  • Collection Nos : KSR & CJS 18571
  • Collector(s) Name : K.Sankara Rao, C.J.Saldanha
  • Key identification features : Rhizome erect when young, short, creeping when mature, upto 2 cm thick, densely covered by ovate-lanceolate scales. Stipes compact, numerous, black or dark brown; polished, brittle, upto 33 cm long in fertile fronds, upto 23 cm in sterile ones. Lamina simple, dimorphic, cordiform, deltoid, trilobed, entire; costa raised below, grooved above, densely scaly below; veins obscure both above and below, anastomosing closely, areoles seen as depressions in dry fronds; lamina pale green; texture chartaceous, long, soft, pale brown scales distributed all over the lower surface of sterile laminae. Sori continuous along the veins filling the entire surface of lamina when mature; intermixed with hairs and scales; spores trilete, spherical.
  • Habit : Herb-Terrestrial
  • Native : India; China; Sri Lanka; Malaysia
  • Comments : Common fern distributed from sea level to high elevations in Karnataka.
  • Conservation Status : Not Evaluated (NE)
  • Collection Locality : Chikkaragihalli, Bannerghatta, Bangalore
  • Distribution Locality : Bangalore; Chikamagalur; Dakshina Kannada; Hassan; Kodagu; Mysore; Shimoga; Tumkur
  • Floras referred : Fraser-Jenkins, Taxonomic revision of Indian Subcontinental Pteridophytes 2008; Rajagopal & Bhat, Pteridophytic flora of Karnataka State- 1998; Manickam V.S & Irudayaraj V. (1992)- Pteridophyte flora of W.Ghats, South India

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Based on a work at http://florakarnataka.ces.iisc.ernet.in.